Martyrs’ Day in India (Shaheed Diwas): Date, History, Meaning, Significance and Why is it Celebrated in India

The land of Bharat remembers its brave freedom fighter on days like Martyrs’ Day. These are days that inspire us, gives us courage and strength to do something for the country that has a great impact on it. In today’s article we will find out everything about Martyrs’ Day in India (Shaheed Diwas), from its Date, History, Meaning, Significance and Why is it Celebrated in India? Let’s start with its meaning.

Martyrs’ Day Meaning: What is Martyrs’ Day

In India’s freedom struggle, Martyrs were the freedom fighters like Bhagat Singh, Mahatma Gandhi, Rajguru and Sukhdev who sacrificed their lives in hopes of getting India to its freedom. Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas is observed in India in order to remember them and pay our respect to them.

Why is Martyrs’ Day Celebrated?

Martyr’s Day is celebrated in order to remember the sacrifices of our freedom fighters who laid down their lives for something they believe in, an idea that one single individual can contribute to India’s freedom struggle. This day also inspires the new generation of India to do something great of their own that can be recognised by India as a whole entity.

When is Martyrs’ day celebrated in India

You might be confused, and a question might arise in your mind like “martyrs’ day is celebrated on which date?” Well, let me answer this for you. There are mainly 2 days in India which are nationally recognised as Martyrs’ Day. These are January 30 and Mach 23 Martyrs’ Day.

Martyrs’ Day 30 January Significance

Mahatma Gandhi Image
Mahatma Gandhi Image

India recognises 30 January as Martyrs’ Day in the memories of a great freedom fighter, Mahatma Gandhi (Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi). January 30, 1948 was the date when Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse.

How is martyrs’ day celebrated in India (Shaheed Diwas on 30 January)

On every January 30, all leaders in India including the Prime minister and President pay their homage to the brave freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi, and they also observe a 2-minute silence in their memories.

Martyrs' Day programme at Rajghat
Martyrs’ Day programme at Rajghat

These leaders including PM, President, Armed forces Chiefs come together at Raj Ghat and lay flowers in Martyr’s memories. Then bugles are blown by the armed personnel to sound the Last Post. The arms are also reversed by the inter service contingent in order to pay their respect.

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Martyrs’ Day 23 March Significance: Why is March 23 important in India?

Bhagat Singh image
March 23 Martyrs’ Day in India (Shaheed Diwas): Date, History, Meaning, Significance and Why is it Celebrated in India

March 23 is also celebrated as Martyrs’ day every year in India. It is because in year 1931, March 23 was the day on which 3 revolutionary freedom fighter Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were all hanged by the British. They were hanged in Lahore jail for their struggle against the British colonizers.

Other Recognised Dates for Martyrs’ Day (Shahid Diwas): How many martyrs days are there in India?

Other than the two main Martyrs’ days which are recognised on 30 January and 23 March, there are also some other dates which are recognised as Martyr’s Day within different parts of India. These dates are mentioned below.

  • 15 February: Bihar Govt started recognising 15 February as Martyrs’ day in the memories of 35 freedom fighters who were hosting our Indian flag at Tarapur town of Bihar. These freedom fighters were all killed by the British on 15 February 1932.
  • 19 May: This is the Bhasha Shahid Divas which is recognised in the Barak Valley of Assam. Bhasha Sahid Divas means “Language Martyrs’ Day”. This day is recognised in order to remember the death of 11 people who were fighting for the Bengali Language Movement. This struggle took place against the Assamese government when the State of Assam decided to recognise only Assamese as the official language of the state. Bengali people were not happy with this decision in the year of 1961.
  • 21 October: This is the day which is recognised as the Police Martyrs’ Day (Police Commemoration Day). In the year of 1958, 21 October was the day when a Central Reserve Police Force patrol was ambushed at the Indo-Tibetan Border.
  • 17 November: In the memories of freedom fighter Lala Lajpat Rai, Odisha state observes 17 November as their Martyrs’ Day.
  • 19 November: 19 November is the birthday of Rani Lakshmibai. This day is recognised as Martyrs’ day in the memories of freedom fighters who fought in the rebellion of 1857.
  • 24 November: 24 November 1674 is the death anniversary of the ninth Sikh Guru Tegh Bahadur. He was executed by the Mughal Invader Aurangzeb.

FAQs about Martyrs’ Day in India (Shaheed Diwas)

When is the ‘national forest martyrs day’ observed in India?

September 11 is the day when National Forest Martyrs Day is observed every year in India. This day is recognised in the memories of those brave people who fought for the preservation of forest and natural life.

What is martyrs day in Hindi?

In Hindi language, Martyrs’ Day is known as Shaheed Diwas.

Which date is observed as martyrs day in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi?

January 30 is the death anniversary of leader Mahatma Gandhi, which is observed as martyrs’ day in India.

How to celebrate Martyrs’ day in school?

Martyrs’ Day can be celebrated and observed in the school by organising various school activities and events like special assembly, speeches, and competitions. These activities and events should be focused on one single goal, which is to create awareness about our freedom fighters who fought for India’s freedom struggle.

Haryana veer martyrdom day is celebrated in memory of which martyrs?

Haryana veer martyrdom day is celebrated in memory of freedom fighter Shaheed Rao Tularam. He fought in the India’s first war of independence during the year of 1857. For this reason, Shaheed Roa Tularam is recognised as a hero in the state of Haryana and whole country of India.

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Vikas Duhan
Vikas Duhan
I am Vikas Duhan, founder and author of Times Yug. My goal is to provide you with the latest and most informative articles on Technology, Entertainment, Lifestyle, Business, Auto, and more. Follow Times Yug for the latest updates on such topics.

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